Who is a refugee? Regulatory approaches.

When regulating the domain of asylum, it is advisable to build on existing international criteria or to make use of specific regional instruments. We examine these in the first part of this article (I.) Furthermore, we present here some national regulations with different degrees of complexity that can serve as reference (II.). Moreover, we highlight some particular provisions that might be of interest to regulators (III.). Finally, we analyse in more detail the proposal of the European Commission for a “Qualification Regulation” (IV.). Continue reading Who is a refugee? Regulatory approaches.

Better than bilateral trade agreements: unilateral recognition of approvals / certificates and approval / certification hubs

This article analyses the regulatory tool “unilateral recognition of foreign product or service approvals or certificates”. This tool might in the future play a crucial role in favour of international trade. Furthermore, this article shows how jurisdictions, by applying extremely stringent approval or certification criteria on an optional basis, could become approval / certification hubs, to the benefit of many other jurisdictions and their own. Continue reading Better than bilateral trade agreements: unilateral recognition of approvals / certificates and approval / certification hubs

Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 9: social, human, civil, gender and children’s rights

Continue reading Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 9: social, human, civil, gender and children’s rights

Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 8: government, political matters, NGOs:

Continue reading Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 8: government, political matters, NGOs:

Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 7: humanitarian issues, migration, crime, judiciary

Continue reading Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 7: humanitarian issues, migration, crime, judiciary

Countering unfair lobbying

It is natural and basically good that interest groups inform regulators on facts, concerns, and alternative solutions. However, lobbying can also go over the top, torpedoing good governance. This article investigates what can be done to counter unfair or disproportionate lobbying. Continue reading Countering unfair lobbying