Directory of reference regulation – 1st edition, Part 6: Trade, business, professions & labour

Regulatory issues are often similar from one sector to the next and from one jurisdiction to the next. Accordingly, regulators might find it helpful to study international or national model laws and regulation of other jurisdictions.

Our directory presents internationally elaborated model regulation, but also national model regulation or high quality national regulation. Quality criteria applied include:

– Completeness (coverage of many relevant aspects);

– Correct and understandable structure;

– Limited or justified complexity (exclusion of regulation which is over-complex);

– Coherent level of depth (exclusion of regulation which is imbalanced in terms of depth);

– Relevance for other jurisdictions (exclusion of very country specific regulation).

To the extent possible, we present reference regulation of different types, with different degrees of detail, complexity and depth. However, as we are not technical experts for the many sectors presented, we make no judgment on the technical appropriateness of substantial criteria and the procedures foreseen in the regulation.

The list is currently still under construction. Some regulation will be dropped in the next edition and some other will be added. We intend including more regulatory sectors and referring to even better national reference regulation. Furthermore, we will try to remedy the current over-representation of certain jurisdictions and we will replace old regulations by new regulations.

Though we skipped regulations of our domestic jurisdictions to avoid any bias, the selection is admittedly to some extent arbitrary and subject to coincidences such as accessibility on the internet and search engine logarithms. Furthermore, we limited our selection for the time being to regulation available in English. Despite these limitations, the presentation of reference regulation here might still be regarded as useful by regulators.

The reference regulation presented in this directory can well:

– serve as a drafting model;

– help to complement drafts; and even

inspire to regulate in a sector that the respective regulators had not yet identified as worthwhile being regulated.

If you wish to recommend regulation as reference regulation for this directory, if you have detected mistakes of if you have ideas on how to further develop this project, please contact us. We are welcoming any ideas, even if they imply the handing-over of this project to other natural or legal persons.

If you wish to search for other reference regulation, you might use the following websites:

http://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/legis.php

http://policy.mofcom.gov.cn/english/flaw.action

TRADE/BUSINESS

Trademarks

Turkey

More: http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/

Copyright

Turkey (intellectual and artistic works)

China

Japan

More: http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/

Patents

Russia

Japan

South Africa (from publicly financed research and development)

Brazil

More: http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/

Competition law

INT (model law)

Australia (promotion of competition and consumer protection)

Canada

Russia (protection of competition)

India

South Africa

Japan

Mexico (focus on merger and acquisitions)

Fair trading / unfair commercial practices

Australia (Western Australia)

New Zealand

Special economic zones

Russia

Accounting and corporate statutes

Singapore

Financial reporting

New Zealand

Financial Consumer Protection

ASSOC

Financial markets conduct

New Zealand

Banking and finances

United Kingdom

Ethical banking

ASSOC

Credit unions

ASSOC

Securities services / trading

South Africa

Secured transactions

INT

Philippines

Development of micro, small and medium enterprises

Japan

India

Canada (financing)

Trade arbitration

INT

Canada (Ontario)

Canada (Alberta)

Foreign currencies transaction

South Korea

Foreign trade (development and regulation)

India

Canada (by state organisation ; see also sub-regulations)

Foreign investment in the jurisdiction

South Korea

Turkey

Russia (in the defence and state security areas)

New Zealand (protection of sensitive sectors)

China joint-venture

Arbitration of international investment disputes

Canada

Protection of local industries against imports

Philippines

Industrial development

Canada

LABOUR & PROFESSIONS

Architects

ASSOC

South Africa

Engineers

South Africa

Natural scientific professions

South Africa

Veterinarians

Canada (Ontario)

Canada (Alberta)

Traditional Health Practitioners

South Africa

Legal professions

Australia

Auditing profession

South Africa

Real estate agents

New Zealand

Teachers

China

Educators

South Africa

Artists

Canada

Public service employees

Canada

Work health and occupational safety

INT

Australia

Canada (Ontario)

Canada (Manitoba)

New Zealand

Employees’ computer use

United States of America

Minimum wage

New Zealand

Wage earner protection program

Canada

Working environment measurement

Japan

Trade unions / employment relations

New Zealand

Skills development

South Africa

Employment gender equity

South Africa

Canada

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