Regulatory issues are often similar from one sector to the next and from one jurisdiction to the next. Accordingly, regulators might find it helpful to study international or national model laws and regulation of other jurisdictions.
Our directory presents internationally elaborated model regulation, but also national model regulation or high quality national regulation. Quality criteria applied include:
– Completeness (coverage of many relevant aspects);
– Correct and understandable structure;
– Limited or justified complexity (exclusion of regulation which is over-complex);
– Coherent level of depth (exclusion of regulation which is imbalanced in terms of depth);
– Relevance for other jurisdictions (exclusion of very country specific regulation).
To the extent possible, we present reference regulation of different types, with different degrees of detail, complexity and depth. However, as we are not technical experts for the many sectors presented, we make no judgment on the technical appropriateness of substantial criteria and the procedures foreseen in the regulation.
The list is currently still under construction. Some regulation will be dropped in the next edition and some other will be added. We intend including more regulatory sectors and referring to even better national reference regulation. Furthermore, we will try to remedy the current over-representation of certain jurisdictions and we will replace old regulations by new regulations.
Though we skipped regulations of our domestic jurisdictions to avoid any bias, the selection is admittedly to some extent arbitrary and subject to coincidences such as accessibility on the internet and search engine logarithms. Furthermore, we limited our selection for the time being to regulation available in English. Despite these limitations, the presentation of reference regulation here might still be regarded as useful by regulators.
The reference regulation presented in this directory can well:
– serve as a drafting model;
– help to complement drafts; and even
– inspire to regulate in a sector that the respective regulators had not yet identified as worthwhile being regulated.
If you wish to recommend regulation as reference regulation for this directory, if you have detected mistakes of if you have ideas on how to further develop this project, please contact us. We are welcoming any ideas, even if they imply the handing-over of this project to other natural or legal persons.
If you wish to search for other reference regulation, you might use the following websites:
For the topics presented in Part 1 and Part 2, we recommend this website of the Columbia University which contains a directory of national regulations on climate change and neighboring legal topics.
For all types of environmental legislation, we recommend this website presenting the legislation of Japan.
Environment in general
Japan (general policy)
China (policy and basic legal principles)
Philippines (basic legislation)
Malaysia (comprehensive legislation)
Australia (comprehensive legislation)
Australia (Queensland – comprehensive legislation)
Australia (Tasmania – comprehensive legislation)
Canada (Alberta – comprehensive legislation)
Promotion of nature restoration
Establishment of a National Green Tribunal
Environmental impact (assessment)
Please note that several of the general environmental laws presented at the beginning of this section also contain sections on environmental impact assessment.
Canada (Prince Edward Island – related to tires of motor vehicles)
United States of America (New Jersey – model law for local governments)
Offensive odour control
Electromagnetic field protection
Protection of the ozone layer
Atmospheric pollution control
Emission of cars / motor vehicles
INT (Click on “Regulations (Addenda to the 1958 Agreement)” for UNECE Regulations 15, 24, 47, 83, 84, 101, 103, 115, 120, 132).
The legislation of California (United States) is said to be even more severe.
Oceans management (not just for environmental aspects)
Marine pollution control
Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention
Antarctic environment protection
Marine living resources
Marine conservation areas
Clean water and water conservation
Water use restriction
United States of America (Connecticut)
Nuclear fuel waste
Control of Export, Import and Others of Specified Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes
Settlement of Environmental Pollution Disputes
Management of releases to the environment of chemical substances
Promotion of environmental education and awareness
Promotion of business activities with environmental consideration
Promotion of procurement of eco-friendly goods and services
Desert prevention and transformation
Australia (South Australia)
Marine turtle protection
United States of America (Florida)
Conservation of Southern Bluefin tuna
Great apes protection
Trade in wild fauna and flora
Control of Molluscan Shellfish
Biological (pest) control
Shade Tree Pest Control
Invasive alien species
Plant (seeds) variety protection
See also the subsection on “seeds” in one of the future parts covering agriculture
Biosafety / GMO
Natural resources / woodlands performance
South Africa (national forest)
Thailand (community forest)
Forest and rural fire
Radiation material and radioactive waste
Nuclear facilities prohibition
Nuclear Liability and Compensation
Prevention of Marine Pollution and Maritime Disaster
Flood hazard areas
United States of America (Indiana)
Disaster management and relief
Philippines (alerts by mobiles)
China (protection and mitigation)
United States of America (San Diego)