Directory of reference regulation – 1st Edition, Part 2: Environmental protection and disasters

Regulatory issues are often similar from one sector to the next and from one jurisdiction to the next. Accordingly, regulators might find it helpful to study international or national model laws and regulation of other jurisdictions.

Our directory presents internationally elaborated model regulation, but also national model regulation or high quality national regulation. Quality criteria applied include:

– Completeness (coverage of many relevant aspects);

– Correct and understandable structure;

– Limited or justified complexity (exclusion of regulation which is over-complex);

– Coherent level of depth (exclusion of regulation which is imbalanced in terms of depth);

– Relevance for other jurisdictions (exclusion of very country specific regulation).

To the extent possible, we present reference regulation of different types, with different degrees of detail, complexity and depth. However, as we are not technical experts for the many sectors presented, we make no judgment on the technical appropriateness of substantial criteria and the procedures foreseen in the regulation.

The list is currently still under construction. Some regulation will be dropped in the next edition and some other will be added. We intend including more regulatory sectors and referring to even better national reference regulation. Furthermore, we will try to remedy the current over-representation of certain jurisdictions and we will replace old regulations by new regulations.

Though we skipped regulations of our domestic jurisdictions to avoid any bias, the selection is admittedly to some extent arbitrary and subject to coincidences such as accessibility on the internet and search engine logarithms. Furthermore, we limited our selection for the time being to regulation available in English. Despite these limitations, the presentation of reference regulation here might still be regarded as useful by regulators.

The reference regulation presented in this directory can well:

– serve as a drafting model;

– help to complement drafts; and even

inspire to regulate in a sector that the respective regulators had not yet identified as worthwhile being regulated.

If you wish to recommend regulation as reference regulation for this directory, if you have detected mistakes of if you have ideas on how to further develop this project, please contact us. We are welcoming any ideas, even if they imply the handing-over of this project to other natural or legal persons.

If you wish to search for other reference regulation, you might use the following websites:

http://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/legis.php

http://policy.mofcom.gov.cn/english/flaw.action

For the topics presented in Part 1 and Part 2, we recommend this website of the Columbia University which contains a directory of national regulations on climate change and neighboring legal topics.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

For all types of environmental legislation, we recommend this website presenting the legislation of Japan.

Environment in general

Japan (general policy)

China (policy and basic legal principles)

Philippines (basic legislation)

Malaysia (comprehensive legislation)

Australia (comprehensive legislation)

Australia (Queensland – comprehensive legislation)

Australia (Tasmania – comprehensive legislation)

Canada (Alberta – comprehensive legislation)

Environmental management

South Africa

Sustainable development

Canada

Promotion of nature restoration

Japan

Establishment of a National Green Tribunal

India

Environmental impact (assessment)

Please note that several of the general environmental laws presented at the beginning of this section also contain sections on environmental impact assessment.

Japan

China

Canada

Canada (Saskatchewan)

Environment tax

Canada (Prince Edward Island – related to tires of motor vehicles)

Noise control

United States of America (New Jersey – model law for local governments)

Japan

Offensive odour control

Japan

Electromagnetic field protection

INT

Vibration

Japan

Protection of the ozone layer

Japan

Australia

New Zealand

Atmospheric pollution control

China

Japan

South Africa

Emission of cars / motor vehicles

INT (Click on “Regulations (Addenda to the 1958 Agreement)” for UNECE Regulations 15, 24, 47, 83, 84, 101, 103, 115, 120, 132).

United States of America

The legislation of California (United States) is said to be even more severe.

Oceans management (not just for environmental aspects)

Canada

Marine pollution control

South Africa

Japan

Australia

Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention

Canada

Antarctic environment protection

Japan

Canada

New Zealand

Marine living resources

Australia (Tasmania)

Marine conservation areas

Canada

Clean water and water conservation

Russia

Australia

China

Canada

Canada (Ontario)

South Africa

Water use restriction

United States of America (Connecticut)

Waste management

Indonesia

Japan

South Africa

Waste minimisation

New Zealand

Nuclear fuel waste

Canada

Hazardous waste

Japan

Philippines

Australia

Control of Export, Import and Others of Specified Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes

Japan

Hazardous substances

Thailand

Settlement of Environmental Pollution Disputes

Japan

Management of releases to the environment of chemical substances

Japan

Recycling

Japan

Promotion of environmental education and awareness

Japan

Philippines

Promotion of business activities with environmental consideration

Japan

Promotion of procurement of eco-friendly goods and services

Japan

Desert prevention and transformation

China

Biodiversity

South Africa

India

Australia

Japan

Wildlife protection

Australia (South Australia)

New Zealand

Canada

Nigeria

Wild animals

New Zealand

Marine turtle protection

United States of America (Florida)

Conservation of Southern Bluefin tuna

Canada

Great apes protection

ASSOC

Trade in wild fauna and flora

INT

Control of Molluscan Shellfish

ASSOC

Biological (pest) control

Australia

Shade Tree Pest Control

United States of America

Invasive alien species

Japan

Plant (seeds) variety protection

Indonesia

Philippines

Thailand

New Zealand

See also the subsection on “seeds” in one of the future parts covering agriculture

Biosafety / GMO

INT

ASSOC

Air quality

South Africa

Malaysia

Natural resources / woodlands performance

United States of America

Resources management

New Zealand

Japan

Forestry

Russia

Indonesia

New Zealand

Canada (Research)

South Africa (national forest)

Thailand (community forest)

Forest and rural fire

New Zealand

National parks

New Zealand

Canada

Grassland

China

Radiation material and radioactive waste

INT

Australia

South Africa

Nuclear facilities prohibition

Australia

Radiation protection

India

Malaysia

Nuclear Liability and Compensation

Canada

Prevention of Marine Pollution and Maritime Disaster

Japan

Flood hazard areas

United States of America (Indiana)

China

Disaster management and relief

INT

Philippines (alerts by mobiles)

Bangladesh

South Africa

India

Earthquake

China (protection and mitigation)

Drought response

United States of America (San Diego)

 

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